beberapa literatur, cybercrime sering diidentikkan sebagai computer crime. The
U.S. Department of Justice (Departemen Kehakiman Amerika Serikat) memberikan pengertian Computer Crime sebagai:
- A computer can be the object of Crime.
- A computer can be a subject of crime.
- The computer can be used as the tool for conducting or planning a crime.
- The symbol of the computer itself can be used to intimidate or deceive.
- Cyber crime in a narrow sense (dalam arti sempit) disebut computer crime: any illegal behaviour directed by means of electronic operation that target the security of computer system and the data processed by them.
- Cyber crime in a broader sense (dalam arti luas) disebut computer related crime: any illegal behaviour committed by means on relation to, a computer system offering or system or network, including such crime as illegal possession in, offering or distributing information by means of computer system or network.